Tag Archives: capital

15 Unmissable Things To See & Do In Stockholm : Nordic Visitor

In the 1950 Planet Cup, the Swedish football association did not let any expert Swedish football players to take aspect. Consequently, Sweden only fielded amateur players throughout the tournament. Granskogen, som spreds norrifrån, nådde inte Skåne förrän mot slutet av 1800-talet.

It accounts for much less than 1 % of exports but is strongly opposed by the thousands of residents who engage in international peacemaking efforts. The crucial inquiries about conscription are whether or not to extend it to ladies or to abolish it in favor of skilled, voluntary armed services. Four constitutional laws define the kind additional info of government and assure freedom of the press and of expression as properly as open access to public documents. A unicameral parliament is elected by universal adult suffrage in a proportional representation system. In the course of the existing four-year term (1998–2002), seven parties share the 349 parliamentary seats. Regional government consists of elected county and municipal councils.

The tour is very carefully developed chronologically, starting with the Viking occasions and moving into the medieval era, so you can improved understand Swedish history as a whole. Uppsala, the seat of Uppsala County, was the political, cultural and religious centre of Viking era Sweden. Uppsala also hosts Sweden’s very first university and Uppsala Cathedral is the largest in the Nordic nations, and the seat of the Church of Sweden. 80 km north of Stockholm, it is a gratifying day trip location, where lots of historic websites dating even farther back than some in Stockholm are inside walking distance from the central station. Can be clean or messy.Finding a excellent toilet in Stockholm can be tricky.

Summer is a time of outside festivals and pop-up markets and meals trucks, and when it’s normally a very good time to grab an ice cream and love it as you stroll along the water. You could devote an whole month visiting Stockholm and nonetheless not see all of the parks. Then of course there is Parkteatern, a cultural summer time festival with events such as theater, dance, workshops, concerts, and other events at stages and amphitheaters in various parks about the city. You might have heard persons refer to the Swedish capital as the “Venice of the North”, thanks to its quite a few waterways and splendid early modern day architecture. But the similarities end there, and the city’s nickname doesn’t genuinely do justice to Stockholm’s partnership with the water that surrounds it. Do not miss the Vasa Museum, 1 of the most visited museums in all of Scandinavia .

Etched into rock, the petroglyphs of Sweden are eerily gorgeous and a drawcard for guests attempting to recognize the ancient Swedish way of life. For Sweden, it is a fascinating story that spans roughly ten,000 years. The history of Sweden is a cobblestone road that twists and turns with nomads that come to be settlers, farmers that develop into voyagers, and the breaking of ties to the old techniques of Norse paganism. Sweden became recognized to the rest of the planet by way of the Vikings who emerged in the 9th century to raid a great deal of northern Europe. In the centuries to come, Sweden would turn into a Christian kingdom.

The northern section of the ring road, Norra Länken, opened for visitors in 2015 though the final subsea eastern section is getting discussed as a future project. A bypass motorway for targeted traffic in between Northern and Southern Sweden, Förbifart Stockholm, is being constructed. The numerous islands and waterways make extensions of the road technique each complicated and high priced, and new motorways are typically built as systems of tunnels and bridges. It has operates by noted contemporary artists such as Picasso and Salvador Dalí. Immediately after the Ice Age, around 8000 BC, there have been currently quite a few individuals living in what is nowadays the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.

The typical value per evening for a 3-star hotel in Stockholm this weekend is $119 or, for a four-star hotel, $156. five-star hotels in Stockholm for this weekend price around $265 per night, on typical (based on Booking.com costs). In the vibrant Söder district of Stockholm, is the Sofo Hotel, supplying oriental inspired decor and straightforward access to the city’s purchasing and nightlife. This cozy hotel is positioned on the trendy island of Södermalm, 656 feet from Mariatorget Metro Station. Castle House Inn is situated ideal in the heart of Stockholm’s Old Town, only a three minutes’ stroll to the Royal Palace.

The largest city, by population, is the capital Stockholm, to the east, the dominating city for culture and media, with a population of 765,000. The second largest city is Gothenburg, with 500,000, to the west. The north is much less populated than the southern and central components, largely simply because of its colder climate. In 1809, Finland became an autonomous Duchy of Imperial Russia and by 1814, Sweden had lost all of the conquered territory outdoors the Scandinavian peninsula.

Patients age 16 and older can increasingly access their electronic medical records to view private health information, read physician’ notes, schedule appointments, and refill prescriptions. According to the Swedish eHealth Agency, 99 % of all Swedish prescriptions had been e-prescriptions in 2017. People with minor mental overall health complications are commonly attended to in major care settings, either by a GP or by a psychologist or psychotherapist.

The parliament supports the government’s choice to apply for membership of the European Union. Swedish diplomat Dag Hammarskjoeld becomes secretary-common of the United Nations he stays in the post until 1961. Sweden becomes founder member of the Nordic Council, established to further the mutual interests of the Scandinavian nations. I knew completely absolutely nothing of Swedish history coming into this book.

You can not leave Stockholm devoid of attempting out standard Swedish cuisine, and when you are ready to attempt the local delicacies, this is the location to go. You are going to obtain superior northern Swedish dishes such as venison, moose sausage, deer tartare, and plenty of neighborhood fish. They have amazing northern Swedish-style pizza flatbread and lingonberry sorbet. Just make sure to book a table in advance and come expecting indoor seating.

By 1930 there had been 65,735 Swedish-born Chicagoans and a lot more than 140,000 youngsters of Swedish immigrants. Networks of good friends and relatives eased the transition to urban life, helping newcomers find housing, jobs, and social connections. In modern North Germanic languages, the adjectival kind svensk and its plural svenskar have replaced the name svear and is, now, employed to denote all the citizens of Sweden. The distinction involving the tribal Swedes and contemporary Swedes appears to have been in effect by the early 20th century, when Nordisk familjebok noted that svenskar had almost replaced svear as a name for the Swedish folks. Though this distinction is convention in contemporary Norwegian, Danish and Swedish, Icelandic and Faroese do not distinguish between svíar or sviar and sænskir or svenskarar as words for modern day Swedes.

Taiwan Governor Says No Will Need To Worry About Capital Outflows

To quite a few U.S. officials’ surprise, Beijing’s influence on these remaining allies of Taiwan is significantly wider and stronger than they previously believed. The P.R.C. can evidently control the level as effectively as the timing that it poaches Taiwan’s allies, even in the face of robust U.S. intervention. Peaceful cross-Straits reunification is of benefit not only to the Chinese nation, but to all peoples and the international neighborhood as a complete. The reunification of China will not harm the legitimate interests of any other nation, such as any financial interests they could have in Taiwan. The goal was to create a technique that would assistance economic growth in Taiwan’s emerging industries, including in the technologies sector, which became a significant concentrate in the 1970s and 1980s. Reforms included introducing university-based preparation applications especially for vocational upper secondary college teachers and piloting a new vocational curriculum at a choose set of schools.

The finish of martial law in Taiwan in 1987 was one particular moment in the realisation of democracy in the late 20th century for several places around the world. But its accurate measure is the assiduous operate considering that by several Taiwanese within Taiwan and globally to realize what came just before it. Its lesson is that thirty years on that undertaking may well have only started. When martial law ended on 15 July, 1987, individuals started the fraught and intricate process of speaking truths silenced by Taiwan’s coercive state. We retain track of entertaining holidays and specific moments on the cultural calendar — giving you thrilling activities, bargains, local events, brand promotions, and other fascinating methods to celebrate. It is vital to understand from history so that imperial takeovers and colonial regulations do not take place again and national sovereignty is protected.

Undoubtedly handful of individuals express concern about or prejudice against others mainly because of their religion. Before Chen Shui-bian became president in 2000, all of Taiwan’s presidents at least nominally professed to be Christian, even though the adherents of Christianity constitute only a smaller minority of the population of Taiwan. If you seriously want to impress locals, then find out even just a little Taiwanese. Taiwanese men and women currently overly praise foreigners who find out even the slightest bit of Mandarin. If you go the additional mile and pick up some Taiwanese, I guarantee the locals with adore you for it. If you are lucky enough to be living in Taiwan, the best way is to just pair up with a regional Taiwanese for language exchange or appear into Taiwanese classes or tutors supplied by nearby language centers in Taiwan.

So it may be a little bit premature to conclude that Taiwan is going to be the only target. So we’ll have to see what kind of measures China takes against the United States going forward. Property Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s trip to Taiwan, which prompted days of threatening military workout routines by China, which includes the firing of missiles more than the island and into the Taiwan Strait.

The co-payments vary in distinctive institutions, from £6.37 in hospital healthcare centers to £1.09 in GP clinics.eight Those sufferers who can not afford co-payments get public help. Taiwan and the UK have taken unique approaches and there are lessons that can be learned from the respective expertise of the two countries. For instance, the UK technique has a much stronger focus on the gatekeeper role of key care physicians. Difficulties with the program involve short consultation occasions time and poor gatekeeping of specialist services.

It is not uncommon to meet expats who have been here for 10+ or even 20+ years. Essentially, a lot of my pals in Taiwan have been right here longer than me, and I’m having close to twelve years right here. The cliché in the foreign community is that Taiwan sucks you in, for reasons listed extensively above. You will nevertheless have the practical experience of excellent friends go leaving every now and then, but at least you do not have to completely rebuild your friendship group every summer time like in some locations. I personally think it is important to discover the regional language of the place you reside, for me it is the respectful thing to do.

The prior charts looked at the number of confirmed deaths per day – this chart shows the cumulative quantity of confirmed deaths given that the starting of the COVID-19 pandemic. The death figures on a offered date do not necessarily show the number of new deaths on that day, but the deathsreportedon that day. Given that reporting can differ considerably from day to day – irrespectively of any actual variation of deaths – it is helpful to view the seven-day rolling average of the everyday figures as we do in the chart here. The actual death toll from COVID-19 is probably to be higher than the number of confirmed deaths – this is due to restricted testing and challenges in the attribution of the trigger of death. The distinction among confirmed deaths and actual deaths varies by nation.

Although the treaty did not commit the United States to defending the off-shore islands, it promised support if the ROC engaged in a broader conflict with the PRC. In the 1950s, Taiwan was dependent on American help, which permitted its government to maintain a large military with no overburdening the economy. Taiwan’s agricultural economy was left in shambles by the events of the 1940s. It had lost its protected Japanese markets and the low-interest-price formal-sector loans to which even tenant farmers had access in the 1930s had been no longer obtainable.

The Japanese performed vast educational reforms, all taught in Japanese, so it’s not uncommon to meet elderly people in Taiwan who speak only a dialect such as Taiwanese and a great bit of Japanese. This is a subjective question, but in my opinion, understanding Mandarin is far more valuable. Mandarin spoken and understood by the vast majority of Chinese speakers in the planet.

Hospitals also derive revenues from direct payments for non-NHI-covered solutions and goods, copayments for outpatient services and coinsurance for inpatient services, and registration fees collected at the time of service. Hospitals are paid charge-for-service according to uniform national fee schedules and diagnosis-related groups set by the NHIA with input from stakeholders. As of 2016, there were 401 DRGs, accounting for 22 % of all hospital payments.

Taiwan’s defence ministry, in a report to parliament that was reviewed by Reuters, mentioned China was continuing to strengthen its combat preparedness for an attack on the island. It was focusing on the initially island chain, which runs from Japan by means of Taiwan, the Philippines and on to Borneo, enclosing China’s coastal seas. The acrimony and strident rhetoric involving the U.S. and China more than Taiwan have increased sharply because Residence Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited the island final month.

The manylandroutes of supply across Europe have allowed the United States and its allies to transport arms, humanitarian help, and other help in the course of the conflict. Taiwan, of course, is an island, and it would be a great deal extra tricky to send in the similar level of supplies throughout a conflict. The United States and other supporters of Taiwan may well want to employ military andmerchantshipping to deliver humanitarian and military help. U.S. commanders have expressed self-assurance that they couldbreaka Chinese blockade, but air and sea resupply of Taiwan for the duration of a conflict could be a challenge. It would be substantially better to stockpile supplies in Taiwan prior to a conflict, but the United States is not known for acting with urgency in the absence of a crisis. GTI Insights consists of brief, timely interviews with a wide variety of policy experts, including academics, government officials, and journalists.

The crisis caused by the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in 2003, which spread to Taiwan, corroborated Taiwan’s claim that its exclusion from the WHO placed its population at unique risk in the case of a serious epidemic. Taiwan was third hardest hit by SARS – following China and Hong Kong – but its calls to the WHO for help remained lengthy unheard. Sooner or later, after Chinese consent, the WHO sent various observers to the island. The SARS crisis induced the U.S. and Japan to assistance WHA observer status for Taiwan, while the European Union and Canada, for instance, referred to as for versatile mechanisms for Taiwan’s participation in the organization’s activities. The concern of the two UN referenda in 2008 highlights that debates also continue on Taiwan’s domestic level about the fundamental objectives for Taiwan’s sovereignty to be reached through UN participation and what tactics must be employed to reach these targets. At the same time this debate is largely decoupled from the international reality of chances for potential good results.

Although disruptive forces continue to buffet markets worldwide, positive aspects exist for savvy business enterprise leaders who spend close interest to worldwide trends and act accordingly. Amid global market uncertainties and shifting regulatory priorities, exactly where the only continual is adjust, Taiwanese organizations nonetheless can plot strategic pathways to success. Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are usually not in the labor force to workforce of a nation . The dependent component incorporates the population under 15 years old and folks aged 65 and more than. The productive portion of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

Switzerland Tourism And Tourist Facts: Facts About Switzerland Region, Europe

Classic sports incorporate Swiss wrestling or “Schwingen”, a tradition from the rural central cantons and deemed the national sport by some. Hornussen is a further indigenous Swiss sport, which is like a cross amongst baseball and golf. Steinstossen is the Swiss variant of stone put, a competition in throwing a heavy stone. Practised only amongst the alpine population due to the fact prehistoric times, it is recorded to have taken spot in Basel in the 13th century. It is central to the Unspunnenfest, initially held in 1805, with its symbol the 83.5 stone named Unspunnenstein.

Nevertheless, these two variants have also been located in other ethnicities. The ε4 variant included in this test is identified and has been studied in a lot of ethnicities. Detailed threat estimates have been studied the most in people today of European descent. Genetic testing for late-onset Alzheimer’s illness is not at the moment suggested by any healthcare specialist organizations. These variants are also discovered in populations with European ancestry, like African Americans and Hispanics or Latinos. Tests for the Aspect V Leiden variant in the F5 gene and the Prothrombin G20210A variant in the F2 gene linked to hereditary thrombophilia.

And those are just a handful of the town’s formidable list of pioneering feats. Some places are merely unlike any other the mere mention of their name summons up vivid pictures and emotions. Establishment of Carl and Elise Elsener Gut Foundation with the mission to support national and international charitable projects. If you liked this story,sign up for the weekly bbc.com options newslettercalled “The Essential List”.

Switzerland is a smaller nation, roughly half the size of the state of Maine, bordered by Germany, Italy, France, Austria, and Lichtenstein. The nation is divided into 26 cantons, the Swiss equivalent of states, every single of which may perhaps decide on from four official languages. About 60% of the population speaks German, the leading language in the country. Nevertheless, it is not to be mistaken for the language spoken in Germany! Though Swiss persons have an understanding of and speak Regular German, the same does not go for Germans!

Switzerland’s ultra-contemporary radio and television, mobile, fixed network and broadband infrastructure tends to make it a hugely attractive location for corporations. In the Swiss federal state, direct democracy and the federal technique guarantee person autonomy as properly as cohesion. Around two-thirds of the population are either Roman Catholic or Protestant (Reformed-Evangelical). Switzerland’s national languages are German, French, Italian and Romansh – a multilingualism lived out in practice. Swiss Universities in the late 19th century are notable for the quantity of female students getting medical education.

It also aids implement appropriate record maintaining and encourages the use of sustainable power sources. With UTZ, agrochemicals are utilized responsibly and certified producers guard trees and stop soil erosion, which all adds up to extra sustainable farms. That is why we source a choice of our coffee responsibly by purchasing from Rainforest Alliance Certified farms. It is about the persons who reside in the forest communities–and the farms they function on. The Rainforest Alliance seal signifies that farmers adhere to much more sustainable farming practices that shield forests, boost their livelihoods, promote human rights of farm workers, and support them mitigate and adapt to the climate crisis. Swiss Water is a certified organic processor by the Organic Crop Improvement Association, the world’s biggest organic certification agency, under requirements created by the USDA National Organic System.

The objective was to present details to migrants and refugees and those with short-term status. In 2018, the Swiss Parliament authorized the law for victims of violence, which incorporated migrants. The new law improved access to justice for victims of violence and was pro-bono. Facts for folks with disabilities was dispensed by means of programmes, seminars, and brochures.

FINMA is an independent regulatory body monitoring developments at financial institutions beneath its supervision and the financial marketplace in Switzerland. FINMA has statutory authority to supervise securities exchanges, licensed banks, insurance coverage companies, securities dealers and collective investment schemes. It authorises their operations to engage in monetary marketplace activity and ensures that the supervised institutions comply with the requisite laws, regulations and ordinances and sustain their licensing requirements.

We have created delivering the greatest items the business has to present our mission statement. Discover our comprenhensive set of services and help developed for you and your Breitling. Most not too long ago, Sweden’s central bank improved its interest price to 1.75% on Sept. 20. The 100 basis point hike came as the Riksbank warned, “inflation is too higher.”

It attributes low tax rates tax revenue to GDP ratio is one particular of the smallest of developed nations. The Swiss Federal budget reached 62.8 billion Swiss francs in 2010, 11.35% of GDP having said that, canton and municipality budgets are not counted as element of the federal price range. The key sources of revenue for the federal government are the value-added tax (33% of tax income) and the direct federal tax (29%). The primary regions of expenditure are in social welfare and finance/taxes. The expenditures of the Swiss Confederation have been developing from 7% of GDP in 1960 to 9.7% in 1990 and ten.7% in 2010.

The OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment reviews the extent to which students have acquired some of the know-how and skills that are vital for full participation in modern societies. A properly-educated and nicely-educated population is crucial for a country’s social and financial describes it properly-becoming. Education plays a essential function in providing folks with the knowledge, expertise and competences required to participate properly in society and in the economy.

They were tough pressed, and the attempts to spread the heretical doctrine in these regions also have been supported in each attainable manner by the Protestant majority in the Grisons. During the violent political disputes which raged in the Grisons during the seventeenth century a revolt broke out in Val Tellina. The knight James of Grossoto marched in the valley in 1620 and a huge portion of the Protestant population was killed .

This content was published on Oct five, 2016 Oct five, 2016 Almost two-thirds (64%) of Swiss use much more than 1 language at least after a week, with 38% working with two, 19% 3 and 7% four or far more. Swiss German, on the other hand, is a collection of Alemannic dialects no longer spoken in Germany or Austria, peppered with a entire lot of French expressions. Another peculiarity of Swiss German is the frequent use of the suffix –li as an ending of nouns. Etymologically, -li is associated to the English word little, which has not survived in German except for this suffix in Alemannic dialects. Italian is the most important language in Ticino and in parts of the canton of Graubünden.

Czech National Bank

In The Washington Post, Adam Taylor explored the decades-long search for the right word. Some people advocated for “Czechlands,” he says, when other individuals just made use of the adjective “Czech” as a noun. In the case of second one, “Czechia – the name dispute,” a vote was held about the wiki page deletion and regardless of the outcome getting favorable for retaining the short article, it was deleted. All protests against that behaviour had been ignored or repeatedly followed by threats of blocking the user when there was a struggle to repost and retain the information on-line.

Much more info about these bilateral visa exemption agreements is readily available at this webpage of the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic (below the ‘Conditions for a short-term stay’ section) as nicely as this article. This document also delivers a complete list of visa waiver agreements with the Czech Republic . So the word Bohemia/Bohemian came from the name of the Celtic tribe Boii.

▲Wallachia Time-passed, mountainous corner of Moravia, with cute villages, open-air folk museums at Rožnov pod Radhoštěm, and a mountaintop retreat at Pustevny. Prague’s most exuberantly art-nouveau building is a labour of like, with each and every detail of its design and style and decoration cautiously thought of, and each painting and sculpture loaded with symbolism. The restaurant and cafe right here are like walk-in museums of art-nouveau design, while upstairs there are half a dozen sumptuously decorated halls that you can check out by guided tour. You can appear around the lobby and the downstairs bar for totally free, or book a guided tour in the information centre. Strahov Library is the largest monastic library in the nation, with two magnificent baroque halls dating from the 17th and 18th centuries.

The ladies boarded trucks bound forRavensbrück concentration camp, and most of the youngsters left for a camp in Łódź, Poland. This book will benefit students and researchers of history of economic believed, financial history, financial theory, and political economy, as nicely as those with a certain interest in the Czech Republic. By the early 19th century, improvements in transportation meant that it was frequently possible to import and export beers.

Censorship was relaxed and restrictions on foreign travel were made less rigorous. As a outcome criticism of the regime grew and it reached a crescendo in 1968. Meanwhile, in Paris, a university lecturer called Tomas Masaryk formed an organization referred to as the Czech Committee Abroad. In November 1915 his organization referred to as for an independent Bohemia and Slovakia. On 29 June 1918, the Committee was recognized as the provisional government of Czechoslovakia by France.

You can find up-to-date data on flood warnings on the Czech Ministry of Agriculture website. In summer, the average temperature is ordinarily around 20°C but it has been identified to rise on uncommon occasions to over 40°C. If you intend to remain longer than 30 days or settle permanently in the Czech Republic you need to have to register with Czech Foreign Police. The EHIC is not a substitute for correct travel insurance coverage offered by a trustworthy insurer. It does not cover health-related repatriation, ongoing medical remedy or therapy of a non-urgent nature. Also, some private hospitals may perhaps not accept the EHIC, so you ought to verify with the hospital administrator beforehand.

On the other hand, quick names refer to a particular territory irrespective of its present political regime or state type. Examples contain France, Spain, Switzerland, Russia, Oman and Czechia. The Atomic Energy Act of 1997 was amended in 2002 to harmonize with European Union legislation, and covers all nuclear energy matters. The SUJB was involved in drafting a new Atomic Act 2016 which entered into force in January 2017. It represents a thorough overhaul of Czech nuclear legislation and addresses specifically nuclear security, nuclear non-proliferation and physical protection of nuclear components.

Unfortunately, simply because of loss and harm to documents during the German occupation, most archives of the original Jewish communities have not survived. The handful of surviving documents are deposited in the archives of the Jewish Museum in Prague, in the district state archives for the relevant locality, or in the municipal archives of the relevant substantial city. The former administrative districts presently are served by 72 district state archives that have turn into constituents of the regional state archives. Documents concerning larger urban centers may perhaps be located in the city archives of Brno, Ostrava, Prague, Plzen, and Usti nad Labem.

In periods of economic prosperity, migration inflows had been caused not only by good financial and labor market situations and responsive policies, but also by precise capabilities of Czech society. As a outcome browse around this website, there has been a strong demand for both skilled and unskilled labor that is not being met by way of the domestic labor force . The two key emigration waves occurred in 1948, when the communists came to power, and in 1968, when the Soviet Union and its Eastern European allies invaded the country.

Although a predominantly Czech city throughout its history, Prague was “Germanized” by the Habsburg administration in the second half of the 18th century, generating the German language dominant. “Czech Republic” remains in use mostly in political contexts. In this report the authors use “Czechia,” except when referring to official terminology.

Regular Czech is the language of government administration, all levels of education, the media, and of publication. It is applied alongside Common Czech, the colloquial spoken language. The Czech language is mutually intelligible with Slovak to the point exactly where some linguists after believed they have been dialects of a single language.

We are sorry but this year’s courses for kids have currently reached capacity. The courses are preceded by a meeting to assess the child’s language level. You can not apply for a residence permit for the goal “studies” based on your registration, acceptance, and participation in this Czech language course. There is no law regulating the use of language in the field of culture in the Czech Republic.

Brno is a fascinating mix of architectures exactly where a single street can feature Gothic, baroque, art nouveau and functionalist buildings standing next to each other. Be positive to discover the many museums of the Old Town and climb to the major of the castle tower for breathtaking vistas. This little town in the South Bohemian region has a single of the very best preserved medieval city cores in the entire Europe.

Documents in the 1st category of documentary sources on Czech Jewish history were generated internally by Jewish communities, schools, associations, foundations, and prominent men and women. These records reflect the functions that Jewish communities and institutions carried out for their personal members as effectively as their relationships with the surrounding Christian globe. Documents helpful for genealogical investigation involve records of Jewish schools, associations, foundations, and funeral organizations, all of which generally consist of individual information. When the Germans occupied Czechoslovakia among 1938 and 1945, the registers and documents of the Jewish communities suffered a fate related to that of the Jewish population itself. In October 1938, Jewish communal registries in German-occupied Czech Sudetenland have been closed.