태그 보관물: national

Modern Art Museums In Seoul My Best 3 Asia

They are totally free and they can discover lots of Korean history related to the war. There was an “I draw” exhibition focusing on illustrators from all over the planet when we have look at these guys been there. It was nicely set up, with scents and music specially selected for some of the exhibits. The gift shop supplied a good variety of souvenirs of various costs.

The British Museum is 1 of the world’s largest museums, with a collection that spans two million years of human history. The museum houses some of humanity’s most iconic artifacts, from the Rosetta Stone to the Elgin Marbles. The Prado Museum is a single of the world’s most renowned art museums, situated in Madrid, Spain. The museum houses a outstanding collection of European art, dating from the 12th Century to the early 20th Century. Don your beret, wax your mustache, and pop over to the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts to see some of the 41,000 functions in its collection.

Your results will only involve records including your new keyword. You can variety in a new keyword into the search box which says ‘Enter a keyword’ and then choose the magnifying glass icon or press enter. If you form ‘gold’, one of the related recommendations is ‘gold Material’. When you form in the search box, connected suggestions seem under the search box.

Other museum highlights are Etruscan and medieval coins, as well as gold and silver function. Priceless performs of art offered to Florence’s cathedral are housed in the adjoining museum, along with originals of the far more vulnerable performs, such as Ghiberti’s bronze door panels, brought indoors for safekeeping. Recover from the sensual overload of all this art by strolling through the adjoining Boboli Gardens and savoring the views across the city beneath, one particular of the favourite things to do in Florence. Just beside Plaza España in downtown Madrid, the Museo Cerralbo is the former mini-palace of an absurdly wealthy early 20th century Spanish marquis. He died in 1922 and bequeathed his residence and belongings to the state.

Get started typing your search term into the huge search box on the suitable. Following operating a search, you will end up with a set of outcomes which you can filter to narrow down and obtain what you’re searching for. If you want to search for a phrase or sentence, add quotation marks around it – for example “gold plated”. As you form, recommended searches will appear under to assistance you uncover what you’re looking for. In this article we will talk about about the which means and functions of museum. We provide anything you will need to create deeper relationships with your most critical audiences.

A series of videos, of folks sharing stories of their connection to their heritage Chinese languages, speaking in Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, and Hakka. These videos have been created by regional Chinese and Chinese New Zealand filmmakers. Studio portraits taken in a specialist photographer’s studio – often making use of backdrops or props – were for formal, posed portraits, as well as informal, candid photographs of persons, and from time to time their pets. We meet Keri-Mei Zagrobelna (Te Āti Awa, Te Whānau-a-Apanui), a jewellery maker in Te Whanganui-a-Tara. Keri-Mei talks about her history with the collections at Te Papa, which spans all the way back to the operate of her kuia.

They also unearthed magnificent mosaics, which are now stored in this creating. Although total excavation is impossible, as the constructing lies below Ottoman buildings, you can see the remnants of the culture if you stop by. In addition to the eight collections above, the Louvre also has a historical gallery of the palace itself and a group of Asian, African, American, and Oceanian art.

We are operating increasing numbers of totally free events, such as members meetings and webinars. We also offer discounts for concessionary members and free inclusive locations by way of the Benevolent Fund. Exactly where events are hybrid (in-particular person and on the net), in-person tickets can be transferred to on-line tickets and the price tag distinction refunded (minus a £10 admin fee) up to 30 days before the occasion. Locate the occasion you are interested in on our events web page and comply with the links to book.

Children’s museum , which routinely now attributes interactive exhibits. At the opposite finish of the spectrum are museums devoted to esoterica, made for the specialist, or museums founded exclusively for an adult audience, such as the Museum of Sex, which opened to a great deal controversy in New York City in 2002. History museums.They gather objects and artifacts that inform a chronological story about distinct locality.

I got to see the trees proper ahead of winter on the way to the park! The colors have been beautiful, and they added to the uniqueness of the knowledge. From the Paleolithic period to Buddhist statues to even the mesmerizing white porcelain gallery, all the things was so interesting. Following admiring the view for a bit, I decided to head into the museum! When I went I had to make a reservation on the web, but as of lately, you can just walk in, no reservation is important! Just make confident to double-verify the current restrictions on the net ahead of going.

Gathered over 300 years, these specimens are essential to telling the history of collecting, the science of taxonomy and the human wish to fully grasp the natural globe. The scientific neighborhood is making use of the collection to answer crucial queries about the past, present and future of the solar technique, the geology of our planet and life on Earth. The FISH Thesaurus of Monument Sorts from the Forum on Facts Standards in Heritage includes terms for forms of monuments relating to the constructed and buried heritage in England.

The Doris Duke Theatre has reopened its doors for in-individual audiences to take pleasure in fresh arthouse cinema, reside performances, and neighborhood spotlights. Travel the planet in the Giant Screen Theater with outstanding films on an immersive 4-story screen. Fernbank now offers 25-minute and 45-minute movies, allowing you to trade your passport for a film ticket and discover the globe by way of “edu-tainment”-style documentaries designed for giant screen and IMAX® theaters.

The public transport network of Ile-de-France delivers a tourist package referred to as Paris Tour, readily available in all metro and RER stations. On Thursday and Saturday, get a closer look at what’s on view with a Date with a Docent, an in-depth, personalized, tour of a specific region of our collection, a current exhibition, or the architecturally substantial components of the museum. Led by one particular of our esteemed docents, just about every Date with a Docent is cost-free with museum admission. Uncover helpful information and facts about facilities at our museums like cloakrooms, infant modify and accessibility, and information for visitors with disabilities coming to any of our web pages. The Prince Philip Maritime Collections Centre, our state of the art conservation studio and storage centre, is also open to visitors and researchers. The Caird Library and Archive inside the National Maritime Museum is dwelling to the world’s largest maritime archive and library collection.

Vietnamese Critical Languages Program

They came from all components of the country and represented just about every state. By the March 31, 1981, deadline, 1,421 style entries had been submitted for judging. Picking a style that would meet the criteria demanded a jury that could grasp the significance of the Memorial’s objective and recognize the one of a kind desires of Vietnam veterans, their families, and a nation divided. The purpose of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was to honor all who had served, with a unique tribute – their names engraved – for those who did not return. “The hope is that the creation of the Memorial will start a healing process,” Doubek wrote.

”, have been the claims formulated in a resolution passed by the plenary session of the Planet Peace Council held in Vienna, claims which have offered good enthusiasm to the Vietnamese men and women. The talks held by these delegates are living lessons most useful for the inculcation of internationalism. Formerly we demolished roads to check the enemy’s advance at present we repair them to drive the enemy to an early defeat. Formerly we did our utmost to sabotage roads, now we encounter good issues in mending them, but have managed to full our function fairly quickly. However, thanks to the enthusiasm and sacrificing spirit of our people, this function was carried by means of.

U.S. military advisers, present in tiny numbers all through the 1950s, had been introduced on a big scale beginning in 1961, and active combat units have been introduced in 1965. By 1969 extra than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were stationed in Vietnam. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and China poured weapons, supplies, and advisers into the North, which in turn offered assistance, political path, and standard combat troops for the campaign in the South. The charges and casualties of the increasing war proved too substantially for the United States to bear, and U.S. combat units have been withdrawn by 1973. In 1975 South Vietnam fell to a full-scale invasion by the North. In contemporary instances, Vietnamese scientists have produced quite a few significant contributions in numerous fields of study, most notably in mathematics.

B) There was no territorial or political division into a North and South Viet Nam. The two rival governments, the DRVN and the ASVN and its successor state the RVN, every single claimed to have genuine authority more than the whole of Viet Nam. The United States established its first complete consular post in the French colony of Indochina in the city of Saigon on December 9, 1907.

But considering the fact that the current reformation, Vietnam has observed a higher exposure to neighbouring Southeast Asian, East Asian as nicely to Western culture and media. In the central and southern parts of Vietnam, traces of Champa and Khmer culture are evidenced by means of the remains of ruins, artefacts as well inside their population as the successor of the ancient Sa Huỳnh culture. In current centuries, Western cultures have turn out to be well known amongst recent generations of Vietnamese. The household gas sector in Vietnam is dominated by PetroVietnam, which controls nearly 70% of the country’s domestic market place for liquefied petroleum gas . Considering that 2011, the organization also operates five renewable energy power plants which includes the Nhơn Trạch two Thermal Power Plant , Phú Quý Wind Power Plant , Hủa Na Hydro-energy Plant , Dakdrinh Hydro-power Plant and Vũng Áng 1 Thermal Power Plant .

With some coastal towns receiving up to 300 days of sunshine a year, it is easy to see why we may possibly take it for granted. When we’re not sitting on plastic stools catching up more than a drip coffee, we’re most likely riding on our motorbikes. For us Vietnamese, a motorbike is extra than a implies of transport. On a balmy night, you’ll see households, buddies and couples riding about on motorbikes to enjoy the cool breeze, having a chat, or persons-watching with occasional stops for tasty snacks. The abundance of communal spaces lead to a collective way of life.

In 1925, French agents captured him in Shanghai and spirited him to Vietnam. Copy at , Due to his recognition, Phan Bội Châu was spared from execution and placed beneath house arrest until his death in 1940. In 1927, the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng, modeled after the Guomingtang in China, was founded. In 1930, the party launched the armed Yên Bái Uprising in Tonkin which resulted in its chairman, Nguyễn Thái Học and 12 other leaders captured and executed by the guillotine. Phan Chu Trinh, who favored a peaceful, non-violent struggle to gain active independence, led the second movement Duy Tân (“Modernization”). He stressed the want to educate the masses, modernize the country, foster understanding and tolerance involving the French and the Vietnamese, and a peaceful transition of energy.

This internet function was initially adapted from Roberto Rabel’s entry in The Oxford companion to New Zealand military history and created by the NZHistory.net.nz team. As the instruction teams started their function, New Zealand progressively withdrew its combat forces, in line with reductions in American strength in Vietnam. New Zealand’s military strength in Vietnam reached a peak of 548 in 1968. From 1966, New Zealand units were integrated within the 1st Australian Activity Force at Nui Dat in Phuoc Tuy province. The gunners joined an Australian field regiment, the infantrymen formed element of an Anzac battalion and the SAS served with an Australian SAS squadron. Most operations in Phuoc Tuy had been common patrols or cordon and search operations.

When you meet an more than friendly cyclo driver who says, “by no means mind how a lot you would pay” or “you can pay whatever you like at the end of the trip”. He may try to show you his book of comments from international vacationers. If you still want to use his service you should really make it clear about the agreed cost and don’t spend a lot more than that. If at all feasible, ask your hotel or hostel to arrange taxi solutions for you. This will insure that you get a flat quoted rate as properly as a trusted driver. Several hotels will be happy to arrange pick up and drop off from airports if you ask.

We present a wide array of monetary products and technical help, and we enable nations share and apply innovative information and options to the challenges they face. Considering that July, 2021 the United States has shared 40,851,050 secure and successful COVID-19 vaccine doses with the folks of Vietnam – free of cost. Of the 40,851,050 vaccine doses, one hundred% were donated in partnership with COVAX. Vietnam has completely reopened for international tourism with out Covid-19 restrictions and restored visa policies and immigration procedures as just before Covid-19. “Vietnam – Enhanced water source (% of population with access)”.

Stories also abound of Westerners getting drugged whilst in a hotel room or getting led to a dark, quiet spot where they are relieved of their possessions by criminal gangs. Most government offices will also call for a smaller “gratuity” before processing paperwork. This is most normally encountered when attempting to obtain permits of residence for private accommodation or operate/residence permits. You generally will not encounter any troubles with the police in extra remote or rural locations since officers are probably to have a incredibly poor command of the English language. That said, the bigger cities and regions that are frequented by tourists are seeing an improve in police who are proficient in communicating with tourists. Vietnam is a reasonably secure place for vacationers, especially when travelling in groups.

Diverse types of partnerships, which are anticipated to result in the improvement, transfer and/or implementation of revolutionary practices at organizational, nearby, regional, national or European levels, are supported. Like elsewhere in Southeast Asia, tipping is not really a point in Vietnam. So regardless of whether you are dining atHanoi’s greatest restaurantsor grabbing some sidewalk grub in Ho Chih Min City, leaving a tip is commonly not necessary.

Golden Time Response

The redistribution and task shifting of workforce and sources required to care for COVID cases is a heavy burden with a grave cost—preventable trauma deaths. Though there is tiny scientific basis for this standard one particular-hour rule, as manytrauma care providersnote, trauma care is time-dependent and a prompt response can be a matter of life and death. The “golden hour” is now extra scientifically referred to as the “resuscitative hour.” Nevertheless, Dr. Sachiko also described how globalization and Western culture has changed how Japanese youths method interpersonal relationships. Technologies has affected how teenagers deal with self-confidence and lack thereof. “CMC [personal computer-mediated communication] provides possibilities for partners to keep connected and to boost the overall high quality of their intimacy and communication” (Boyle, O’Sullivan 2016).

About 90 minutes to two hours immediately after birth, following their initially feed, most babies will fall into a peaceful sleep. Nana and Golden Time are each anime series with themes of relationships and complexity in terms of characters’ dynamics. The most important characters both have a past that are explored throughout both series. Each series entails romance with a sense of maturity . They have a much more sense in adolescence as opposed to becoming in a higher college setting.

What’s she performing out there – and why does Banri call her “Barbara”? Linda is a strange presence in Golden Time so far, a hugely magnetic character who shows up in short and seemingly random bursts and commands the screen utterly anytime she does. There are strong suggestions click this link that she has a connection to Banri’s prior life – in reality, it appears she’s come close to revealing that to him a couple of occasions, even though I’d nevertheless call it an unsubstantiated speculation.

For all Koko’s faults she is unwavering in her faithfulness and appreciate. Her obsessive tendencies transfer to Banri, but he is head over heels in like with her so can happily operate by way of that, but rather a extremely unique challenge rears its head. To add entries to your personal vocabulary, develop into a member of Reverso neighborhood or login if you are currently a member.

Already beyond the schools’ help, for instance, is Harlem Dropout Harrison Campbell, 16, who quit Manhattan Vocational High School in the tenth grade last November. Campbell wanted to be a carpenter, “but 1 wasn’t learning absolutely nothing, no how,” and no one particular urged him to keep on. Nowadays, he sleeps until noon, plays cards and records with his buddies till 3 p.m., then ambles over to a neighborhood school playground for a game of basketball or football. Campbell hopes to get a job soon, delivering phone books at $11.80 a day. As mentioned above, some dogs start to really feel anxious even though their guardians get ready to leave.

Whilst obtaining a child is a content time for the most component, it is not uncommon to expertise feelings of sadness, insecurity and even worry. If the sadness develops into ongoing depression, it is significant and OK to seek qualified help. I had a brief foray into the globe of the Nintendo DS, but to be truthful I got bored of attempting to train my Nintendog inside about 30 seconds! I know it is designed for children and I know a lot of who love this game in which case I would left them retain Nintendogs for household, unless any person can open my eyes to its educational value?

Any unnecessary movement can result in higher complications for the brain injury itself, the spine or other connected injuries. As a rule of thumb, if the head is injured, the neck can be impacted as well. Consequently, it is essential to immobilize the cervical spine for all traumatic brain injury individuals who are comatose with specialized tools or other items offered in place. Risk intelligence facilitates this situational awareness by supplying proactive and continuous monitoring of international information sources to immediately and accurately detect data about current crucial events and possible threats.

The Seasonal page has card making and present ideas for vacation days all through the year, while Christmas and Easter have pages all of their personal. St. Mary’s uses ‘Golden Time’ as a positive behaviour management method. Study indicates that when Golden Time is fully implemented, teachers have a tendency to spend significantly less time on behavioural difficulties and extra time teaching – so this is a fantastic help to teaching and finding out.

Thanks to AI, the noise of irrelevant data gets filtered out so you can deliver the right information to the suitable individuals at the right time. This givesbusiness continuitymanagers the chance to focus their sources on protective measures in time to make a difference. A typhoon decimates a manufacturing plant in Southeast Asia, stopping production of a essential component required by your major facility in the U.S. The onsite plant manager’s UK household hears about the hurricane on the BBC and promptly contacts your organization to locate out if their loved a single is protected. At the identical time, operations and delivery of the final solution to shoppers on many continents will be delayed whilst the plant recovers. Meanwhile, regional news media are implying the plant may not have completely complied with safety regulations, calling your organization’s reputation into question.

When Chinami talks to them briefly, she goes into Clingy Jealous Girl mode and totally refuses to let him work with the former at her cafe job. Banri and Linda have this appear just after they see Kouko in episode 12 though posing for some erotic photos with each other at the club. Oddly enough, new Banri can see old Banri in episode 24 and even has an argument with him. Much more strangely, Linda sees him as properly, but delivers her answer to him, “yes”, on the bridge to aid him move on. Old Banri seems delighted with that, and wanders off into the distance.

Later on in the second trimester, the infant will start to get active. Alison Carr-Chellman’s TED talk , which I located on Jenn’s weblog, also explores gaming- as a way of engaging boys. She shares shocking statistics for instance boys are 4x much more probably to be diagnosed with ADHD, and she suggests this is simply because classroom-culture disilussions boys. Carr-Chellman states teachers ought to be ‘more accepting of boy cultures’, nonetheless could permitting boys to play their games, or even just write about them, in college, definitely promote engagement in education? I am not absolutely sold on the idea of gaming in college but this session and subsequent research has certainly provided me meals for thought. 4.2 Give Initially Help to Unconscious Victim Do not move the victim unless they are in vital situation.

This was element of the ‘normal’ school, not an immediately after-school activity. Every kid started with the similar amount of Golden Time, but 5-minute sections would be reduce off that for minor and key transgressions in the course of the week. This is core to our constructive behaviour practice and very easily understood by our pupils. Get what you need to grow to be a improved teacher with unlimited access to exclusive no cost classroom resources and professional CPD downloads. My observations these past few weeks have thrown into sharp relief the difference on the ‘joyometer’ readings involving this phase and KS2.

These VLBW, ELBW, EGLAN and occasionally term neonates need transfer to tertiary centers for management and generally hypothermic on reaching referral center due to lack of sufficient precautions for hypothermia prevention in the course of transport . The infant must be started on intravenous fluids if shifting to tertiary wellness care center and referred hospital need to be informed relating to this transport so that the neonate receives needed care on reaching the center . The notion of “Golden Hour” has been introduced not too long ago in field of neonatology, highlighting the importance of neonatal care in the initial 60 minutes of postnatal life . The golden hour term has been adopted from adult trauma where it is made use of for the initial very first hour of trauma management . Dr. R. Adams Cowley gave the notion of “Golden Hour” in emergency medicine and showed that with the use of golden hour approach there was reduce in patient mortality with improved transport and patient outcome .

Antarctica Flags Geographic Org Antarctica’s Flag Flag Of Antarctica

Brazil opened a analysis station in 1984, but it was largely destroyed by a fire that killed two members of the navy in 2012, the exact same year that a diesel-laden Brazilian barge sank close to the base. As if that have been not sufficient, a Brazilian C-130 Hercules military transport plane has remained stranded near the runway of Chile’s air base right here since it crash-landed in 2014. China has arguably the quickest-growing operations in Antarctica.

Yes, the vast majority of actively publishing climate scientists – 97 % – agree that humans are causing global warming and climate adjust. The U.S. Antarctic System supports scientific investigation in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean with logistics supplied by OPP’s Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics Section . Antarctic fieldwork is supported only for analysis that will have to be performed, or is ideal performed, in Antarctica. Proposals that do not need USAP support for field work can be submitted anytime employing solicitation NSF 23-XXX, Antarctic Analysis Not Requiring U.S. Antarctic System Assistance for Fieldwork.

Flying over the Drake Passage enables you to reach Antarctica swiftly to make the most of your precious vacation time. We skip a two-day ship crossing and promptly immerse you in the beauty of the 7th Continent. In February 1899, four years following Kristensen’s landing right here, Borchgrevink was back at Cape Adare as the leader of the Southern Cross expedition. It took the men two weeks to erect two prefabricated structures, the remains of which can be observed currently just back from Ridley Beach, which Borchgrevink named for his mother. The South Pole station was built in phases, so the initial group of occupants was able to take up residence in January 2003, and it was officially inaugurated in January 2008.

Our Digitally printed British Antarctic Territory National Flags are manufactured from 115gsm Ministry of Defence authorized knitted polyester flag fabric, the highest quality print fabric offered for outdoor flag creating. This year presented its own challenges, with Covid-19 which means Antarctic research programs decreased the quantity of scientists and employees heading South. Most flags have now made their journey back from Antarctica to the schools eagerly awaiting their return. Antarctic Flags and Books are creative techniques for students or any individual to express their queries, concepts, and understanding about Antarctica or Antarctic science.

When India’s National Center for Antarctic and Ocean Research decided to build a new analysis station, the architecture firm it chose — bof architekten, in Germany — located a way to make building a lot more efficient. Rather than send shipping containers full of developing components to Antarctica and send them back empty, the architects integrated the shipping containers into the style, saving expense and time. Brazil’s Comandante Ferraz Study Station, opening this month, sits on the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula and will be devoted to studying climate alter. Apart from scientific factors, there are strategic interests for China to make a study station in the Ross Sea area. The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition has highlighted that “the Ross Sea has the richest diversity of fishes in the higher latitude Southern Ocean.” The Sea supplies habitat for important populations of faunal species. This includes 38 % of the world’s Adélie penguins, 26 % of emperor penguins, much more than 30 % of Antarctic petrels and six % of Antarctic minke whales.

Antarctic summers typical just above freezing, with the more mountainous East Antarctica colder than its western counterpart. The lowest temperature in the globe, minus 89.6 degrees Celsius (minus 129.three degrees Fahrenheit), was recorded at Vostok Station, a Russian analysis station in inland Antarctica. Antarctica is a continent capped by an inland ice sheet up to four.8km thick, containing roughly 90% of the world’s total surface fresh water (and 60% of the world’s total fresh water).

The greatest threats to travelers to Antarctica are environmental hazards posed by the extreme components and changeable weather. Amongst the additional common threats are frostbite, dehydration, eye damage from reflected glare, overexposure to the sun, and maritime accidents. This is regardless of the fact that international law does not recognise the existence of the British Antarctic Territory – certainly, both Chile and Argentina claim the similar piece of land, and have their personal passport stamps at the ready. It has described the continent as portion of its so-called strategic new frontiers, and Liu believes that its lengthy-term purpose is to modify the current power order within the treaty program.

He familiarized the delegates with the consequences of a full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation into the territory of Ukraine and the influence of Russian aggression on the Ukrainian Antarctic program. She mentioned she hoped the agreement represented the very first step in what would turn out to be a worldwide network of marine reserves that would assistance https://abctag.top safeguard the Earth’s oceans. Andrea Kavanagh, who directs Antarctic and Southern Ocean work for The Pew Charitable Trusts, stated the environment had grow to be a passion project for Putin’s former chief of employees, Sergei Ivanov.

Antarctica, the world’s southernmost and fifth biggest continent. The Antarctic Treaty does help territorial claims made before 1961, by New Zealand, Australia, France, Norway, the United Kingdom, Chile, and Argentina. Beneath the treaty, the size of these claims cannot be changed and new claims can not be made. Most importantly, the treaty establishes that any treaty-state has totally free access to the whole region. As such, analysis stations supported by a wide variety of treaty-states have been constructed inside each of these territorial claims. Nonetheless, the area is visited by extra than 40,000 vacationers annually, the most well-liked destinations becoming the Antarctic Peninsula location and South Georgia Island.

On the inside back cover are drawings of the ‘Endurance’, the ship ‘which will take out the Weddell Sea party’ led by Shackleton. The inside front cover of the features a map of the proposed route. On it is marked the furthest point the explorer had reached with his ‘Nimrod’ expedition in 1909. Ernest Shackleton’s proposal for crossing the Antarctic from the Weddell Sea to the McMurdo Sound was an ambitious 1. Soon after graduating in 1912, Byrd was assigned to the USSWyomingand later the USSDolphin. Aboard this ship, he met the assistant secretary of the Navy at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt and participated in the US intervention in Veracruz, Mexico.

Climate permitting, we will land on pristine shores, hike to attractive viewpoints and cruise in our tiny motorized Zodiac boats. Join the kayak club and you can paddle close-up to wildlife and nature at your personal pace. But even at days at sea, ship life aboard the Sea Spirit will retain you busy. The freezing, inhospitable continent of Antarctica was the final spot on Earth to be explored. It is a vast, mountainous land mass at the South Pole, buried below an ice sheet up to three miles (4.8 km) thick, and surrounded by frozen seas.